Kings and Queens

    Reign Name Notes    
 
Monarchs of the Kingdom of Mercia (585-879)
    585-593 Creoda     Existence disputed
    593-606 Pybba Creoda’s son    
    606-626 Cearl      
    626-655 Penda Pybba’s son (killed in battle)    
    626-642 Eowa Pybba’s son (killed in battle)   Co-ruler with Penda as King of Northern Mercia
    653-656 Peada Penda’s son (murdered)   Co-ruler with Penda as King of Southern Mercia
    655-658 Oswiu of Northumbria     Acted as overlord
    658-675 Wulfhere Penda’s son    
    675-704 Æthelred Penda’s son (abdicated)    
    704-709 Coenred Wulfhere’s son (abdicated)    
    709-716 Ceolred Æthelred’s son    
    716 Ceolwald Æthelred’s son   Uncertain if he ruled at all
    716-757 Æthelbald Eowa’s grandson (murdered)    
    757 Beornred (deposed)    
    757-796 Offa      
    787-796 Ecgfrith Offa’s son   Ruled jointly with his father
    796-821 Cœnwulf      
    798-812 Cynehelm Cœnwulf’s son   Ruled jointly with his father
    821-823 Ceolwulf I Cœnwulf’s brother (deposed)    
    823-826 Beornwulf (killed in battle)    
    826-827 Ludeca (killed in battle)    
    827-829 Wiglaf (deposed)    
    829-830 Egbert (of Wessex) (deposed)    
    830-839 Wiglaf (reinstated)    
    840 Wigstan (murdered)    
    840-852 Beorhtwulf (deposed)    
    852-874 Burgred (deposed)    
    874-879 Ceolwulf I      
 
Monarchs of the Kingdom of the West Saxons / Wessex (519-879)
    519-534 Cerdic    
    534-560 Cynric Cerdic’s son  
    560-592 Ceawlin Cynric’s son (deposed)  
    592-597 Coel Cynric’s grandson  
    597-611 Ceolwulf Cynric’s grandson  
    611-643 Cynegils Possibly Coel’s son or Ceolwulf’s son  
    643-645 Cenwalh Cynegils’s son  
    645-648 Penda of Mercia    
    648-672 Cenwalh (reinstated)  
    672-674 Cenwalh   Ruled jointly as King and Queen
    Seaxburh  
    674-676 Æscwine    
    676-685 Centwine Cynegils’s son  
    685-688 Cædwalla    
    688-726 Ine (abdicated)  
    726-740 Æthelheard    
    740-756 Cuthred possibly Æthelheard’s brother  
    756-757 Sigeberht (deposed)  
    757-786 Cynewulf (murdered)  
    786-802 Beorhtric    
    802-839 Egbert    
    839-858 Æthelwulf Egbert’s son  
    858-860 Æthelbald Æthelwulf’s son  
    860-865 Æthelbert Æthelwulf’s son  
    865-871 Æthelred I Æthelwulf’s son  
    871-879 Alfred the Great Æthelwulf’s son  
 
N.B. Much of the early history of the Kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex is poorly documented.
 
Monarchs of the Anglo-Saxons
    879-899 Alfred the Great    
    899-924 Edward I (the Elder) Alfred’s son  
    924 Æthelweard Edward I’s son (uncrowned, ruled for 16 days)  
    924-927 Æthelstan Edward I’s son  
 
Monarchs of the English
  The Saxons
    927-939 Æthelstan    
    939-946 Edmund I Edward I’s son  
    946-955 Eadred Edward I’s son  
    955-959 Eadwig Edmund I’s son  
    959-975 Edgar (the Peaceful) Edmund I’s son  
    975-978 St Edward II (the Martyr) Edgar’s son  
    978-1013 Æthelred II (the Unready) Edgar’s son  
  The Danish Kings
    1013-1014 Sweyn Forkbeard    
  The Saxons
    1014-1016 Æthelred II (the Unready) (reinstated on the death of Sweyn Forkbeard)  
    1016 Edmund II (Ironside) Æthelred II’s son  
  The Danish Kings
    1016-1035 Cnut (the Great) Sweyn’s son aka Canute
    1035-1040 Harold I (Harefoot) Cnut’s illegitimate son  
    1040-1042 Harthacnut Cnut’s son aka Hardicanute
  The Saxon Restoration
    1042-1066 St Edward III (the Confessor) Æthelred II’s son  
    1066-1066 Harold II St Edward III’s brother-in-law
(died in battle)
aka Harold Godwinson
    1066-1066 Edgar Ætheling Grandson of Edmund II (deposed, uncrowned)  
 
Monarchs of England Queen/Prince Consort
  The Normans
    1066-1087 William I (the Conqueror)   1066-1083 Matilda of Flanders
    1087-1100 William II (Rufus) William I’s son   Unmarried
    1100-1135 Henry I William I’s son 1100-1118 Edith otherwise Matilda of Scotland
    1121-1135 Adeliza of Louvain
    1135-1141 Stephen William I’s grandson (deposed) 1135-1141 Matilda of Boulogne
    1141 Matilda, Empress of Germany Henry I’s daughter (deposed, uncrowned)   [Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou]
    1141-1154 Stephen (reinstated) 1141-1152 Matilda of Boulogne
  The Plantagenets (also called the Angevins)
    1154-1189 Henry II Matilda’s son 1154-1189 Eleanor of Aquitaine
    1170-1183 Henry the Young King Henry II’s son
(served alongside his father)
1172-1183 Margaret of France
    1189-1199 Richard I (Lionheart) Henry II’s son 1191-1199 Berengaria of Navarre
    1199-1216 John (Lackland) Henry II’s son 1200-1216 Isabella of Angoulême
    1216-1272 Henry III John’s son 1236-1272 Eleanor of Provence
    1272-1307 Edward I (Longshanks) Henry III’s son 1272-1290 Eleanor of Castile
    1299-1307 Margaret of France
    1307-1327 Edward II Edward I’s son (abdicated) 1308-1327 Isabella of France
    1327-1377 Edward III Edward II’s son 1328-1369 Philippa of Hainault
    1377-1399 Richard II Edward III’s grandson (abdicated / deposed) 1383-1394 Anne of Bohemia
    1396-1399 Isabella of Valois
  The House of Lancaster
    1399-1413 Henry IV Edward III’s grandson 1403-1413 Joan of Navarre
    1413-1422 Henry V Henry IV’s son 1420-1422 Catherine of Valois
    1422-1461 Henry VI Henry V’s son (deposed) 1445-1461 Margaret of Anjou
  The House of York
    1461-1470 Edward IV Edward III’s great-great-grandson (deposed) 1464-1470 Elizabeth Woodville
  The House of Lancaster (restored)
    1470-1471 Henry VI (reinstated and later deposed) 1470-1471 Margaret of Anjou
  The House of York (restored)
    1471-1483 Edward IV (reinstated) 1471-1483 Elizabeth Woodville
    1483 Edward V Edward IV’s son (deposed, uncrowned)   Unmarried
    1483-1485 Richard III Edward IV’s brother (died in battle) 1483-1485 Anne Neville
  The House of Tudor
    1485-1509 Henry VII Edward III’s great-great-grandson 1486-1503 Elizabeth of York
    1509-1541 Henry VIII Henry VII’s son 1509-1533 Catherine of Aragon
    1533-1536 Anne Boleyn
    1536-1537 Jane Seymour
    1540-1540 Anne of Cleves
    1540-1541 Catherine Howard
 
Monarchs of England and Ireland (following the Crown of Ireland Act 1542)
    1542-1547 Henry VIII   1543-1547 Catherine Parr
    1547-1553 Edward VI Henry VIII’s son   Unmarried
    1553 Lady Jane Grey Henry VII’s great-granddaughter
(deposed, after 9 days, uncrowned)
  [Lord Guildford Dudley]
    1553-1558 Mary I Henry VIII’s daughter   [Philip II of Spain]
    1558-1603 Elizabeth I Henry VIII’s daughter   Unmarried
 
Monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland (following the Union of England and Scotland Act 1603)
  The House of Stuart
    1603-1625 James I (England) James VI (Scotland) – Henry VII of England’s great-great-grandson / Mary of Scotland’s son 1603-1619 Anne of Denmark
    1625-1649 Charles I James I’s son (executed by Parliament) 1625-1649 Henrietta Maria of France
 
The Commonwealth and Protectorate
    1653-1658 Oliver Cromwell     [Elizabeth Bourchier]
    1658-1659 Richard Cromwell Oliver Cromwell’s son   [Dorothy Maijor]
 
Monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland
  The House of Stuart (restored)
    1660-1685 Charles II Charles I’s son 1662-1685 Catherine of Braganza
    1685-1688 James II Charles I’s son (deposed) 1685-1688 Mary of Modena
    1689-1694 Mary II James II’s daughter   Ruled jointly as William and Mary
    William III Mary II’s husband
    1694-1702 William III     Ruled on his own after Mary’s death
    1702-1707 Anne James II’s daughter 1702-1707 Prince George of Denmark
 
Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland (following the Acts of Union 1707)
    1707-1714 Anne   1707-1708 Prince George of Denmark
  The House of Hanover
    1714-1727 George I James I’s great-grandson   [Sophia Dorothea of Celle]
    1727-1760 George II George I’s son 1727-1737 Caroline of Ansbach
    1760-1800 George III George II’s grandson 1760-1800 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (following the Acts of Union 1800)
    1801-1820 George III   1801-1818 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
    1820-1830 George IV George III’s son 1820-1821 Caroline of Brunswick
    1830-1837 William IV George III’s son 1830-1837 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
    1837-1840 Victoria George III’s granddaughter    
  The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (following Victoria’s marriage to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
    1840-1901 Victoria   1840-1861 Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
    1901-1910 Edward VII Victoria’s son+ 1901-1910 Alexandra of Denmark
    1910-1917 George V Edward VII’s son 1910-1917 Mary of Teck
  The House of Windsor
    1917-1927 George V   1917-1927 Mary of Teck
 
Monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (following the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927)
    1927-1936 George V   1927-1936 Mary of Teck
    1936 Edward VIII George V’s son (abdicated, uncrowned)   Unmarried until after his abdication
    1936-1952 George VI George V’s son 1936-1952 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
    1952- Elizabeth II George VI’s daughter 1952- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh